The Age of the Empire
The Age of the Empire certainly left a great stamp over the Egyptian history, spanning about half a millennium. The 18th Dynasty was established by Ahmose I, and marked the starting point of an immense era. The luxurious and prosperous lifestyle which was maintained during this era could be simply observed in the architectural and artistic monuments; the temples, fortresses, colossal statues, obelisks and magnificent tombs.
Tutankhamun Bulgaria Art Gallery 2019
The exhibition takes place in The Opera House
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The Boy-King Tutankhamun
Tutankhamun, the boy-king is considered as the most famous Pharaoh in ancient Egypt. His rule was significant in the ancient Egyptian history, and he is well-known in modern days by his marvelous tomb at the Valley of the Kings.
He was the son of Akhenaten, born to be “Tutankhatun” but during his 8th regnal year, he changed his name to “Tutankhamun”. Coinciding with total abandonment of Tell El-Amarna, he shifted the capital to Memphis, the traditional seat of the government, and Thebes regained its position as the main Cult Center.
The boy-king ruled as a child, and the role of the regent was played by a military senior, Horemheb. Although this role was usually played by the King’s Mother. Horemheb was the actual ruler of the country, and eventually he could easily take over the throne after the early death of Tutankhamun.
The reign of Tutankhamun is a turning point in the history of the 18th Dynasty. With the abandonment of Tell El-Amarna, he was back to the traditional religious thoughts, festivals, cults, architecture and art. As a part of his projects, he issued a restoration edict, which was inscribed on the foot of the Third Pylon of Karnak Temple.
The Tomb of Tutankhamun
While being the son of the famous monotheist King Akhenaten, he preserved a prestigious place in history, because of his golden tomb. With more than 60 royal burials discovered at the Valley of the Kings, only the tomb of king Tutankhamun was found fully intact. Architecturally it was a small and insignificant tomb, hastily dug out of the foot of the cliff, but every room was packed up to the ceiling with treasures.
Sixteen steps descend to a sealed doorway. Beyond this doorway a single descending corridor led to a second sealed door and a rectangular antechamber, with a small chamber known as the annex leading off from the west wall. The doorway in the north end of the antechamber leads to a small burial chamber, the floor of which is around a meter lower than that of the preceding chamber.
Another chamber extends from the east wall of the burial chamber back towards the entrance.Surprisingly, only the burial chamber in the tomb of Tutankhamun was decorated, which is unusual because in royal tombs almost all of the walls were painted with religious scenes. The burial chamber had a golden background and was decorated with scenes from the Opening of the Mouth ritual and the Amduat (Book of the Dead), with depictions of Tutankhamun with various gods.