Khedive Ismail established the Egyptian Parliament in 1866. It was the first parliament in the Arab world. The long standing establishment witnessed critical times in the Egyptian political life; the resignation of Mohammed Ali Dynasty in 1952, the establishment of the Arab Republic of Egypt in 1953, and recently, the revolutions of "25th of January" 2011 and "30th of June" 2013.
The House of Representatives is the legislative power. It approves the general policy of the state, the general plan of economic and social development and the state budget, and oversees the actions of executive power, in the manner prescribed in the constitution and in accordance with the provisions of these rules.
The parliament is made up of 596 seats, with 448 seats elected through the individual candidacy system, 120 elected through winner-take-all party lists (with quotas for youth, women, Christians, and workers) and 28 selected by the president.
A parliamentary building was constructed in 1923, to accommodate the House of Representatives with two balconies overlooked the debating chamber. The Pharaonic Lobby was added, and the roof was supported by 24 papyrus columns.