Skip to main content
Kamose Stela-Luxor Museum

Dynasty 13

Dynasty 14

Dynasty 15

Dynasty 16

Dynasty 17

Wegaf

Nehesy

Sheshi

Anather

Sobekemsaf I

Ameny Intef IV

 

Yakubher

Yakobaam

Sobekemsaf II

Hor

 

Khyan

 

Intef VII

Sobekhotep II

 

Apepi I

 

Tao I

Khendjer

 

Apepi II

 

Tao II

Sobekhotep III

 

 

 

Kamose

Neferhotep I

 

 

 

 

Sobekhotep IV

 

 

 

 

Ay

 

 

 

 

Neferhotep II

 

 

 

 

Revival against Hyksos Invasion

During the Middle Kingdom, Asiatics settled in Egypt due to the economic stability. The end of the 12th Dynasty marked the actual end of the Middle Kingdom. Hyksos took advantage of the unstable political situation, the weakening power of the 13th Dynasty rulers and formally invaded the country, establishing their capital at Avaris in the Eastern Delta. 

Rulers from Thebes withstood against the invasion, and established the 17th Dynasty, which ruled an area from Elephantine in Aswan to Thebes. Series of rebellious Egyptian rulers could challenge the authority of the Hyksos. After several wars, King Ahmose I, following the steps of his father and elder brother, successfully expelled the Hyksos from Egypt. The wars against Hyksos were documented on several monuments including Kamose I and II stelae.