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  • Golden Mask of Tutankhamun
    Introduction
    The Ancient Egyptian Timeline The so-called “Pharaonic History” spans from 3100-32 BC. According to the Historian Manetho; the ancient Egyptian timeline is divided into 30 Dynasties, each consisting of a sequence of Kings who shared royal blood.
  • Abydos-Tomb UJ-Naqada III
    Predynastic Period
    Egypt Before Unification A phase in the ancient Egyptian history that precedes the unification of Egypt in 3200 BC. During this phase, Egyptians settled around the Nile Valley forming different cultures such as Badari and Naqada.
  • Verso-Na'rmer Palette
    Early Dynastic Period
    Unification of the Two Lands The last phase of Naqada culture (Naqada IIIC-D) marks the Territorial unification of the Egyptian Kingdom by King Na’rmer, who commemorated the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt on the Na’rmer Palette.
  • Giza Pyramids
    Old Kingdom
    Age of Pyramid Builders The age of Pyramid builders is considered a flourishing period in the history of ancient Egypt. Remarkable magnificent pyramids were built to house the corpses of kings and queens of the Old Kingdom.
  • Tomb relief of Hanefer
    First Intermediate Period
    Decentralization of Egypt The prosperity reached during the Old Kingdom could not be sustained; it was during the 6th Dynasty that the royal power decreased and the authority passed to local governors.
  • Hawara Pyramid-Faiyum
    Middle Kingdom
    Reunification of the Egyptian Lands The rebirth and reunion of the Egyptian Kingdom was achieved by the beginning of the Middle Kingdom which is marked by economic growth and national projects. Kings continued to build pyramids which housed their mummies and funerary equipment.
  • Kamose Stela-Luxor Museum
    Second Intermediate Period
    Revival against Hyksos Invasion During the Middle Kingdom, Asiatics settled in Egypt due to the economic stability. The end of the 12th Dynasty marked the actual end of the Middle Kingdom. Hyksos took advantage of the unstable political situation, the weakening power of the 13th Dynasty rulers and formally invaded the country, establis
  • Temple of Abu Simbel
    New Kingdom
    The Age of the Empire The New Kingdom certainly left its obvious mark over the Egyptian history, spanning over half a millennium. The 18th Dynasty was established by Ahmose I, and marked the starting point of an immense era. The luxurious and prosperous lifestyle which was maintained during this era can be simply observed in the archit
  • Edifice of King Taharqa-Temple of Amun at karnak
    Third Intermediate Period
    Decentralization and Foreign Invasion Although the ancient Egyptian Civilization had gone from strength to strength, it also underwent several breakdowns in between.
  • Sphinx of King Nectanebo-Vatican Museum
    Late Period
    Period of Revival A period of revival of the great ancient Egyptian civilization, especially in art and architecture.