The Nubia museum was built to house the masterpieces discovered during excavations at Nubia. The Museum was formally opened in 1997, as a part of the international UNESCO campaign to save the Nubian Monuments.
The palace of Princess Fatma El Zahraa (1903-1983) was chosen to be an art museum to house and display the personal jewelry collection of the 'Mohamed Ali' Royal Dynasty. The collection reflects richness and luxury of the royal family.
The modern museum built and opened in 2016, is dedicated to the Nile, the longest river on the planet. It commemorates the history of the irrigation projects and the development of irrigation techniques since the Ottoman era until now.