The city is gifted with ancient myth about the burial of Osiris, and as a result it was an ancient pilgrimage destination. Later a temple complex was constructed to commemorate the royal dynasties in a Kings-List. The city is also rich in Coptic and Islamic monuments, as well as a recently inaugurated modern Museum which tells the story of the city over ages.
Umm El Qa'ab
Abydos, an ancient Egyptian site, within the borders of the governorate, where the early dynastic burials uncovered revealing certain cultural aspects which continued throughout the Pharaonic Periods. The site of Umm El Qa'ab “The Mother of Pots” owes its name to the huge number of potsherds found there. The site is most probably the hometown and burial place of Narmer, the king who unified Egypt for the first time in history, about 3100 BC.
Temple of Osiris
To commemorate the Osiral cult, King Seti I built a magnificent cenotaph Temple of Osiris. The famous king-list in this temple shows a list of the royal ancestors participating in the offering cult for Osiris. Later Ramesses II added to this temple to commemorate the memory of his father.
White and Red Monasteries
Far to the north, Copts built two monasteries, 0.5 km apart, the White Monastery and the Red Monastery both architecturally similar. The White monastery is named so because of the limestone casing its outer walls. It was built in the fifth century AD and named after Saint Shenouda the Archimandrite.
Mosque of Sidi Arif
In the heart of the modern city, stands the Mosque of Sidi El-Arif, one of the Sufis who settled in Egypt during the fourteenth century AD, and inside the mosque, lies his shrine, to commemorate his memory in the city.
It is a modern landmark in the city, showing not only antiquities but also the famous history of textile industry at Sohag throughout the Pharaonic periods until the Ottoman era.
Sohag is one of the governorates of upper Egypt, and it has a long history extended through ages.