The largest oasis, and the southernmost and closest to the Nile Valley, only 200 km far, very rich in pre-Historic monuments, which were transferred to the Kharga Cultural Museum, that contains artifacts from different Egyptian eras, as well.
The best-preserved historical monument is The Temple of Hibis, 2 km north of the town, erected during the twenty-sixth Pharaonic dynasty, dedicated to Egyptian-Persian gods, Amun-Hibis and Amun-Re. The temple commemorates the Persian period in Egypt, and the intertwining of two very different civilizations.
To the northeast of the town, lies a Roman fortress and temple, The Temple of Nadura, which is 700 years younger than the Temple of Hibis, dedicated to the god Amun, and evidences prove that locals gathered around the site and lived in mud-brick houses.
The Bagawat Cemetery was used from the first to the seventh centuries AD as a Coptic cemetery with beautifully colored scenes and decorations. Later, the site was used during the ninth century AD as a Muslim cemetery with unique and distinct Islamic architecture.
El Kharga Oasis is the largest oasis, the southernmost and closest to the Nile Valley.