Ras El Bar
The place where the Nile meets the Mediterranean, Ras El-Bar, a town considered as a part of Damietta, the coastal border city which is located on the right branch of the Nile.
The city is currently an important sector of the Egyptian Furniture Industry, while it retains an ancient history.
Its history probably began earlier, during the Ptolemaic Period as stone human-shaped uninscribed coffins were discovered during excavations, and several were transferred to the Grand Egyptian Museum.
At Tell El-Bershaya, it’s a unique feature in eastern Delta, to find ruins of a Roman Bath, with its sewage system beneath, adjacent to the Roman city.
Church of St. Mary Gerges
Damietta is also rich in Coptic history, The Church of St. Mary Gerges, that enshrines the relics of the ninth century Mary Gerges.
The Mosque of El-Fath
The second mosque built by Amr Ibn El-Aas was at Damietta, The Mosque of El Fath, built in the seventh century AD, upon the Arab arrival to Egypt. It was built in a similar style as the first mosque at Cairo but has been renovated later by the Fatimids and restored in modern days.
The Fort of Oraby
It was originally built by the French expedition (1799-1801) to defend the country against sea attacks, and later it was used by Egyptian patriots during the Oraby revolution (1879-1882) and thus named after him.
In 1938, the Ports and Lighthouses Authority constructed the famous Lighthouse, rising 250 m high, to guide the ships.
Damietta is a coastal border city, it is an important sector of the Egyptian Furniture Industry.